ALTHOUGH the general success of Japanese Army operations in north China was due in large measure to the poor quality of resistance encountered, it is impossible, in reviewing the campaigns, to gainsay the fact that the achievements of the invaders were notable in many respects. As a framework for its southern advances the Imperial Army chose the railway network of Shantung, Shansi and Hopei provinces and along these corridors its columns moved southwards in three correlated drives against the supposedly highly fortified Lung-Hai railway.
If you are an MCA&F Member
OR Join the MCA&F to continue reading
By becoming a member of the Marine Corps Association & Foundation, you gain access to the entire library of articles from Leatherneck Magazine and the Marine Corps Gazette. Click here to sign up online and continue reading this article