Why We Are Called a Corps
While there were American Marines in existence on November 10, 1775, it was not until the resolution of Congress of that date that there was an ORGANIZATION of them. In no source known of were the American Marines of the Revolution (1775-1783) referred to as belonging to a "Corps."
The Resolution of November 10, 1775 directed that "Two Battalions of Marines be raised," with officers "as usual in other regiments." The resolution further ordered that these two battalions "be distinguished by the names of the First and Second Battalions of American Marines."
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