David M. Shoup, Usmc 1904-1983
On November 20-22, 1943, the Second Division of the United States Marine Corps captured the Japanese stronghold of Betio Island in Tarawa Atoll in the Central Pacific Gilbert Islands. The Marines lost 948 dead and 2,072 wounded, a cost in casualties of nearly twenty percent. Except for a handful who surrendered, the 4,000 elite Japanese defenders either were killed or killed themselves.
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