Marines In China

The Manchu Dynasty had been gradually losing its hold on the people of the Celestial Empire throughout the greater part of the nineteenth century, largely on account of humiliating defeats in foreign wars and the ever growing authority of foreigners in China. As that century drew to a close, the position of the Manchus was particularly difficult; they were faced with the proposition of either continuing to protect the foreigners or shift to the popular anti-foreign position and thereby continue in power.

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